|Haiqing Zhang, Chen Li, Shiliang Ai, Haoyuan Chen, Yuchao Zheng, Yixin Li, Xiaoyan Li, Hongzan Sun, Xinyu Huang, Marcin Grzegorzek
Digit Med 2022, 8:15 (7 July 2022)
Background: The gold standard for gastric cancer detection is gastric histopathological image analysis, but there are certain drawbacks in the existing histopathological detection and diagnosis. Method: In this paper, based on the study of computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) system, graph-based features are applied to gastric cancer histopathology microscopic image analysis, and a classifier is used to classify gastric cancer cells from benign cells. Firstly, image segmentation is performed. After finding the region, cell nuclei are extracted using the k-means method, the minimum spanning tree (MST) is drawn, and graph-based features of the MST are extracted. The graph-based features are then put into the classifier for classification. Result: Different segmentation methods are compared in the tissue segmentation stage, among which are Level-Set, Otsu thresholding, watershed, SegNet, U-Net and Trans-U-Net segmentation; Graph-based features, Red, Green, Blue features, Grey-Level Co-occurrence Matrix features, Histograms of Oriented Gradient features and Local Binary Patterns features are compared in the feature extraction stage; Radial Basis Function (RBF) Support Vector Machine (SVM), Linear SVM, Artificial Neural Network, Random Forests, k-NearestNeighbor, VGG16, and Inception-V3 are compared in the classifier stage. It is found that using U-Net to segment tissue areas, then extracting graph-based features, and finally using RBF SVM classifier gives the optimal results with 94.29%. Conclusion: This paper focus on a graph-based features microscopic image analysis method for gastric cancer histopathology. The final experimental data shows that our analysis method is better than other methods in classifying histopathological images of gastric cancer.