Digital Medicine

REVIEW ARTICLE
Year
: 2020  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 53--66

COVID-19 and mental health: A review and the role of telehealth and virtual reality


Ricardo Sainz-Fuertes1, Joan Miquel Gelabert Mir1, Jose María Valderas2, Kim Bullock3, Anne Giersch4, Kai Vogeley5, Ariadna Torres García6, Marta Argiles Huguet7, Tamara Russell8, Jack Hollingdale9, Javier-David Lopez -Moriñigo10, Isidro Navarro Delgado11, Hugh Selsick12, Howard Gurr13, Tim Fitzpatrick14, Todd Maddox14 
1 Psious, Barcelona, Spain
2 University of Exeter Medical School, Exeter, UK
3 Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford School of Medicine, USA
4 University of Strasbourg, INSERM, University Hospital of Strasbourg, France
5 Department of Psychiatry, University Hospital Cologne, Germany
6 University Hospital Vall Hebron, Barcelona, Spain
7 Psychosocial Intervention Team La Caixa, Barcelona, Spain
8 Mindfulness Centre of Excellence, The Maudsley Hospital, London, UK
9 The Michael Rutter Centre, The Maudsley Hospital, London, UK
10 University Hospital “Fundación Jiménez Díaz”, Madrid, Spain
11 Polytechnic University of Catalonia, UPCBarcelonaTech, Barcelona, Spain
12 Royal London Hospital for Integrated Medicine, London, UK
13 The Doctors Gurr clinic, New York, USA
14 IKONA Health, USA

Correspondence Address:
Ricardo Sainz-Fuertes
Psious, Barcelona
Spain

On March 12, 2020, with more than 20,000 confirmed cases and almost 1000 deaths in the European Region, the World Health Organization classified the COVID-19 outbreak as a pandemic. As of August 15, 2020, there are 21.5 million confirmed cases of COVID-19 and over 766,000 deaths from the virus, worldwide. Most governments have imposed quarantine measures of varied degrees of strictness on their populations in attempts to stall the spread of the infection in their communities. However, the isolation may have inflicted long-term psychological injury to the general population and, in particular, to at-risk groups such as the elderly, the mentally ill, children, and frontline healthcare staff. In this article, we offer the most up-to-date review of the effects of COVID-19 confinement on all the disorders listed in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. We make data-driven predictions of the impact of COVID-19 confinement on mental health outcomes and discuss the potential role of telemedicine and virtual reality in mental health screening, diagnosis, treatment, and monitoring, thus improving the above outcomes in such a difficult time.


How to cite this article:
Sainz-Fuertes R, Gelabert Mir JM, Valderas JM, Bullock K, Giersch A, Vogeley K, García AT, Huguet MA, Russell T, Hollingdale J, Lopez -Moriñigo JD, Delgado IN, Selsick H, Gurr H, Fitzpatrick T, Maddox T. COVID-19 and mental health: A review and the role of telehealth and virtual reality.Digit Med 2020;6:53-66


How to cite this URL:
Sainz-Fuertes R, Gelabert Mir JM, Valderas JM, Bullock K, Giersch A, Vogeley K, García AT, Huguet MA, Russell T, Hollingdale J, Lopez -Moriñigo JD, Delgado IN, Selsick H, Gurr H, Fitzpatrick T, Maddox T. COVID-19 and mental health: A review and the role of telehealth and virtual reality. Digit Med [serial online] 2020 [cited 2021 Dec 8 ];6:53-66
Available from: http://www.digitmedicine.com/article.asp?issn=2226-8561;year=2020;volume=6;issue=2;spage=53;epage=66;aulast=Sainz-Fuertes;type=0